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Birthstone List

Primary and Alternate Birthstones listed by Month

This is a current birthstone list. The official Birthstone List was updated in 2016 to include Spinel,
a multi-colored gemstone that can be many shades from a bright yellow, through pink,
orange and red to an opaque black. Spinel joins Peridot as an alternate for August.

In 1952, the official list of birthstones was established upon approval by the
American National Retail  Jewelers Association, National Jewelers Association,
and the American Gem Society. This updated official list is as follows:

January Garnet
February Amethyst
March Aquamarine or Bloodstone
April Diamond
May Emerald
June Pearl or Moonstone
July Ruby
August Peridot, Sardonyx or Spinel
September Sapphire or Lapis Lazuli
October Opal or Pink Tourmaline
November Topaz or Citrine
December Turquoise, Zircon or Tanzanite

The most commonly used birthstone system (based on the birth month)
has nothing to do with astrology and signs of the Zodiac.

Since the signs of the Zodiac change anywhere from the 19th to
the 22nd of each month (depending on the source consulted),
a list of Zodiac birth stones cannot be based on the months of the calendar year.

According to the system of astrology most used in the western world,
Zodiac (or birth) signs are determined by the position of the Sun in one's horoscope.

In the Sidereal system, the birth sign is determined by the position of the Moon.

But in either system, it is the Zodiac sign that is important, not the birth month.
Each sign of the Zodiac is ruled by one of the planets and each planet
in turn rules over certain gemstones according to their color.

In Asia, this group of birthstones are known as the nine astral gems.

The following list of birthstones is based on the planet ruling one's Zodiac sign;
it has been known and accepted throughout Asia since ancient times:

ZODIAC SIGN RULING PLANET BIRTHSTONE
Leo Sun Ruby
Cancer Moon Pearl
Aries / Scorpio Mars Coral
Gemini / Virgo Mercury Emerald
Sagittarius / Pisces Jupiter Yellow Sapphire or Lapis
Taurus / Libra Venus Diamond or Lapis
Capricorn / Aquarius Saturn Blue Sapphire

Jewelry Metal Facts

Gemstone Information  


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